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New Zealand Dairy Industry

Source: 2016/17 New Zealand Dairy Statistics and Facts and Figures for New Zealand Dairy Farmers, 2nd Edition, 2017.

Herds 11,748
Cows 4.86 million
Average herd size 414 cows
Total effective land 1.73 million hectares
Average effective land 147 hectares


Volume 1.76 million litres
Milk Solids 157,560kgMS
Milk Fat 4.77%
Protein 3.87%


Cows to AB 72.7%
Average inseminations per cow 1.37
Average replacement rate 20-22%
Calving Interval 368-370 days


4259 litres milk
381kg Milk Solids
Consumes 4.5-5 ton dry matter feed
80-90% of feed is home grown (predominately pasture) 
Responds well to higher feed levels
Highly fertile and economical


Holstein-Friesian 33%
CrossBred  48%
Jersey 9.3%
Ayrshire 0.6%
Other 9.1%

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